Ministry of Education observes International Literacy Day


Date : 9 September, 2018

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Union Minister for Education Dr. Myo Thein Gyi attended and addressed a ceremony commemorating 2018 International Literacy Day held in Ministry of Education yesterday morning.
The ceremony was opened with a song title “our strength” sung by school children from Pyinmana Basic Education High School. Union Minister Dr. Myo Thein Gyi addressed the event saying Myanmar has conducted people-based 3R movement and for successfully conducting this, was awarded UNESCO’s Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Prize for Literacy in 1971.

As per Sustainable Development Goal-4 of ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all, efforts were made toward implementing the aim of all who came of age (boys and girls) by 2030 to learn basic reading, writing and arithmetic, he said.
The theme of UNESCO 2018 International Literacy Day is “Literacy and Skills Development” and it is consistent with connecting Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) to informal education indicated in the National Education Strategic Plan (NESP) (2016-2017). When it is actually implemented, it is to be coordinated and connected among relevant departments.
In the world, there are more than 260 million children who had never attended school and of the 617 million children six out of ten does not have the 3R skills. 750 million youths and people who have come of age did not have the 3R skills and out of these two-thirds are women. For illiterate persons the rapid development of technology is becoming a huge new challenge. Having only 3R skills are not enough to overcoming the challenges of surviving in a society, obtain work opportunity, create and achieve a good socio-economic situation.

“It is necessary to know and use the information, communication and new technologies to have innovative capability,” said the Union Minister.

According to 2014 census, 10.5 percent of the population in Myanmar, about 5 million, had never attended or dropped out of school for various reasons and are illiterate. Due to this, Ministry of Education established Department of Alternative Education for out-of-school and lifelong education. Basic literacy course to increasing reading rate course, income increasing course, TVET course and lifelong education courses in out-of-school primary education program for age group 10-14 years and out-of-school secondary education program for age group 15 years and above were planned to be conducted and expanded in cooperation with state/region governments. Through this, 42,176 were given 3R skills. 3R skills are essential and must-have in order to attend TVET courses and acquire technical and vocational skills. Quality education only can create lifelong education opportunities to acquire skills appropriate to the changing and developing technologies. The theme of this year International Literacy Day “Literacy and Skills Development” is to re-designate the literacy policy and for the government and private sector to cooperate toward establishing an education that is practical and innovative said the Union Minister.

Following his speech, a video clip on 2018 International Literacy Day was shown and Myanmar National Commission for UNESCO secretary general read the 2018 International Literacy Day message of UNESCO Director General.

The ceremony came to a close with a song titled “help toward literacy”by the school children.
Afterwards, the Union Minister and guests visited the displays in the International Literacy Day. — MNA



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